Trustee & Visiting Scholar at the Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge
Carol began her research career in 1986 when she joined the Home Office Research and Statistics Directorate. There she conducted and managed projects on topics as diverse as understanding sentencers’ decision-making, particularly in relation to women and the enforcement of community sentences. Other topics included the treatment of mentally disordered and sex offenders, the factors which determine whether prisoners are paroled, and the extent to which young children can make reliable witnesses.
Between 1999 and 2002, Carol was Deputy Director of the Criminal Policy Research Unit at London Southbank University. During that time she managed projects on probation enforcement, the handling of domestic violence and evaluating policing strategies aimed at reducing burglary. She also served on the Parole Board during this period.
Carol returned to the Home Office as an Assistant Director of the Home Office Research and Statistics Directorate in October 2002. There she had lead responsibility for statistics and research into the management and impact of the prison and probation services.She became Professor of Criminology at the University of Leicester in 2004 and worked there until taking early retirement in 2014. She continues to conduct research and write on the treatment of women in the criminal justice system.